High School in Ontario
Working within the framework of the Education Act and its regulations, district school boards adapt provincial education policy to local situations. They must also provide and maintain within their jurisdiction adequate teaching and support staff and appropriate facilities. Trustees, as elected members of the board, represent the
local community, providing a link between electors and the education system.
In Ontario, all permanent residents between the ages of 6 and 16 must attend school. Elementary schools provide Junior Kindergarten and Kindergarten programs (for children aged 4 and 5) and programs for grades 1 through 8.
Secondary schools currently offer programs from Grade 9 through to Grade 12, as well as Ontario Academic Courses (OACs). To receive an Ontario Secondary School Diploma, students need to complete at least thirty credits in secondary school (one credit is normally one course).
Students planning to attend university can include the required six Ontario Academic Courses in these thirty credits. Beginning in 1999, new standards for education will be introduced in high schools across the province.
The credit system consists of:
Compulsory Credits (total of 18),
4 credits in English (1 credit per grade)
1 credit in French as a second language
3 credits in mathematics (at least 1 credit in Grade 11 or 12)
2 credits in science
1 credit in Canadian history
1 credit in Canadian geography
1 credit in the arts (music, art, drama, or dance)
1 credit in health and physical education
1/2 credit in civics and 1/2 credit in career studies
1 additional credit in English, or a third language, or a social science, or Canadian and world studies
1 additional credit in health and physical education, or business studies, or the arts (music, art, drama, or dance)
1 additional credit in science (Grade 11 or 12) or technological education (Grades 9-12)
In addition to the 18 compulsory credits, students have to earn 12 optional credits in courses of their choice, selected from the full list of courses available in the school. Optional credits allow students to build an educational program that suits their individual interests and meets university, college, apprenticeship, or work
Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test
Students will take the Secondary School Literacy Test in Grade 10. Students must pass the test in order to graduate, and their result is recorded on their student transcript. Students who do not complete the test successfully will receive remedial help to prepare them for retesting. The literacy test requirement is additional to the 30 credits needed for a high school diploma. The literacy test evaluates
students' reading and writing skills based on curriculum expectations in language and communications up to and including Grade 9. ESL students will take the test only when they have reached this level in their language studies. Accommodations will be made for students in special education programs.
Ministry of Education Ontario - Common Course Codes:
EBS Business English ELC Canadian Literature ELI Literature
ELM Modern Literature ELT English Literature EMD English-Media
ENG English ENH English II ENO English Oral ENC English - Single Category
ENI English - Independent Study ENP English - School Related Package
END English - Other Disciplines ENS English Language Studies
ENT Theme or Topic ESI ESD/ESL - Introduction
ESD English Skills Development ESL English Second Language
ESF English Skills Development/Second Language
EWC Writer's Craft EWR English Writing
For additonal information
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