Wednesday, May 03, 2023

Languages of work across Canada

Census information on languages used at work displays the use of languages across Canada. The 2021 Census question on language of work had two parts. The first part asked about the language or languages used regularly at work. Then, if applicable, the second part asked to specify which of the languages indicated in the first part was used most often. For both parts, multiple responses were allowed.

New data on language of instruction from the 2021 Census, can be used to shed light on the links that exist between people’s educational pathways and the languages they use later in life, including at work. 

For example, among the roughly 200,000 workers outside Quebec and New Brunswick who did not have French as a mother tongue but did use French regularly at work, more than half had either studied in Canada at a regular French-language school (22%) or had taken a French immersion program in an English-language school (31%).


While the number and proportion of Canadians who spoke a language other than English or French at home reached their highest levels on record in 2021, English and French remained the languages of convergence at work across Canada, used most often by 98.7% of workers.

In 2021, the census questions on languages used at work were modified, which reduced respondents’ burden and improved the quality of the data. However, this change affects comparability with previous census cycles to a certain extent (see box titled “A better picture of languages used at work, but an impact on comparability with previous censuses”).

In 2021, 77.1% of employed persons in Canada mainly used English at work, 19.9% mainly used French, and 1.7% used English and French equally; 1.3% used neither English nor French most often at work.

In Quebec, 79.9% of workers mainly used French at work, 14.0% mainly used English, and 5.4% used English and French equally. The proportion of workers who mainly used French at work decreased slightly compared to 2016.

In the Montréal census metropolitan area, the industrial sectors where the main use of French at work decreased the most from 2001 to 2021 were the information and cultural industries; the finance and insurance sector; as well as the professional, scientific and technical services.

In New Brunswick, 20.1% of workers mainly used French at work, 75.9% of workers mainly used English, and 3.9% used English and French equally at work. The proportion of workers in the province who mainly use French at work has been trending downwards since 2001.

Outside Quebec and New Brunswick, 1 in 10 workers knew French, and one-third of them used it regularly at work. Across the country, it is in educational services that French was most widely used.

In Canada, 40,000 workers used an Indigenous language regularly at work. Around half of workers who knew an Indigenous language used an Indigenous language regularly at work.

For additional details:

Saturday, November 12, 2022

New format for English vocabulary exercises.

New format for English vocabulary exercises.

Fill in the blanks to complete the sentences.

Listen to the answers on the video.

 Format helps ESL language learning with grammar, vocabulary, content context and comprehesion .

Format also helps with listening to native speaking pronunciation.

Go to:

Friday, October 07, 2022

International students to help address Canada’s labour shortage


Limit on off-campus work hours to be lifted temporarily

October 7, 2022—Ottawa—Employers are facing unprecedented challenges in finding and retaining the workers they need during this period of economic recovery and growth. The Government of Canada is continuing to take concrete actions to address current labour needs.

The Honourable Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, today announced the temporary lifting of the 20-hour-per-week cap on the number of hours that eligible post-secondary students are allowed to work off-campus while class is in session.

From November 15, 2022, until December 31, 2023, international students who are in Canada and who have off-campus work authorization on their study permit will not be restricted by the 20-hour-per-week rule. Foreign nationals who have already submitted a study permit application, as of today, will also be able to benefit from this temporary change, provided their application is approved.

This measure will provide many international students with a greater opportunity to gain valuable work experience in Canada, and will increase the availability of workers to sustain Canada’s post-pandemic growth. With more than 500,000 international students already in Canada available to potentially work additional hours, this temporary change reflects the important role international students can play in addressing our labour shortage, while continuing to pursue their studies. Study permit holders are still expected to balance their study and work commitments, as those who stop studying or reduce course loads to only study part-time are not eligible to work off-campus.

This month, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is also launching a pilot project to automate the processing of study permit extensions. The types of applications being included in this pilot have a consistently high approval rate, as all applicants have previously been approved to study in Canada. The pilot will involve a small group of applicants who could see their extended study permit processed much faster, with the goal of improving client service. Should the pilot be successful, it will be expanded in order to help reduce processing times and allow officers to focus on more complex applications.

Today’s announcement is part of a series of initiatives that aim to benefit international students and graduates, while supporting Canada’s broader efforts to improve client service and application processing times.

Other measures recently launched to benefit international students and recent graduates include:

With unprecedented interest in Canada from applicants around the world, IRCC continues to set the bar higher for immigration processing. Ongoing efforts and client service improvements by the department aim to strengthen Canada’s immigration system, shorten wait times, reduce application backlogs and improve the experience of clients overall.

ESL in Canada Contact Information

James McBride, Group program Coordinator
380 Pelissier St,
Windsor, Ontario, Canada
N9A 6V7

Telephone: 647 247 3897

Email: Group programs Office


Ms Shirley Lue, Toronto Homestay Manager,
Toronto Office: 1 (647) 247 3897

ESL Cafe at St Paul's Bloor Street in Toronto

Outreach Coordinator
227 Bloor Street East
Toronto, Ontario
M4W 1C8

Telephone: (416) 961-8116

Our thanks to ESL in Canada Internship Students

Argentina - Carla, Fernando Brazil - Marilia, Janice, Mauricio, Gil China - Tianwei, Simon, Lucy, Joanna, Colombia - Santiago; France - Francoise; Antoine Germany - Suzi, Italy - Vito; Japan - Satomi, Yasko; Hiroki, Hana, Maya, Masaki, Misa, Nori, Reiko, Sayaka, Korea - Sam, Jason, JongBae, Joon, Scarlet, Soojin, Sue, Sukwoo, Taewoo; Mexico - Diana, Itzel, Miguel, Alonso, Vianey, Enrique, Lupita; Spain - Victor, Switzerland - Philipp, Carolina; Taiwan - Jessie; Serena Venezuela - Andrena;