ESL in Canada

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Tuesday, June 18, 2024

How to use the ENGLISH SIMPLE PAST Tense


Simple past, form for regular verbs: base+ed

Example; walked, showed, watched, played, smiled, stopped

Simple past for irregular verbs.

Simple past, be, have, do:

Subject  Verb

Be  Have Do 

was  had  did 

You  were had did 

He was  had  did 

We  were had did 

They  were had did 


I was in Canada last year

She had a headache yesterday.

We did our homework last week. 


We didn't do our homework last night. 

They weren't in Canada last summer. 

We hadn't any money.

We didn't have time to visit the Eiffel Tower.

We didn't do our exercises this morning.


Were they in Vancouver last January?

Did you have a bicycle when you were a boy?

Did you do much climbing in British Columbia? 

Simple past with regular verbs: verb + ed 


I washed 


I did not wash. 


Did she arrive? 

Interrogative negative 

Didn't you like? 

Example: to walk, simple past.

Affirmative  Negative  Interrogative 

I walked  I didn't walk  Did I walk? 

You walked  You didn't walk  Did you walk? 

They walked  They didn't walk  Did they walk? 

For the negative and interrogative form of all verbs in the simple past,

 always use the auxiliary 'did''.


Simple past, irregular verbs  'to go'

He went to a gym last night.

interrogative form

Did he go to the club last night?

negative form

He didn't go to bed early last night.

Examples: Simple past, irregular verbs "to give"

We gave her a doll for her birthday.

They didn't give John their copy.

Did Barry give you my report?

Examples: Simple past, irregular verbs "to come"

My parents came to visit me last year.

We didn't come because it was snowing.

Did she come to your open house last week?

Simple past function is used to talk about a completed action in a time before now. Duration is not important. The time of the action can be in the recent past or the distant past. 


John Cabot sailed to Canada in 1498. 

My father died last year. 

He lived in Calgary in 1986. 

We crossed Lake Superior yesterday. 

You always use the simple past when you say when something happened, so it is associated with certain past time expressions.


Yesterday, I arrived in Montreal.

She finished her work at five o'clock.

We saw a good play last week.

I went to the hockey game last night.

She played the piano when she was a child.

He sent me a report six months ago.

Peter left five minutes ago

Monday, June 03, 2024

English Language Vocabulary for Resumes

Introductions to Resumes

A resume is a tool with one specific purpose

A resume is a sales document designed for a very precise audience.

A resume is a one or two page summary of your education, skills, accomplishments, and experience.

A very good resume is placed in the short list that survives the first cut.

An excellent resume convinces the employer that you have what it takes to be successful in the position or career.

A superb resume motivates the employer to pick up the phone and ask you to come in for an interview.

Types of Resumes

The chronological resume focuses on the experience section of the resume; each job is listed and described in some detail with sections of skills or accomplishments later in the resume.

The functional resume begins with highlights of major skills and accomplishments and focuses attention on what you can do for them.

A combined resume includes elements of both the chronological and functional formats.

Sections of Resumes

The Summary is sometimes labelled as a profile. - This should be four to six lines of text. This section should indicate the position you are looking for, experience and abilities that will be of interest to your next employer.

The Career Summary also called your job history starts with your most recent job and lists backwards in time. Basic career summaries only include the year you started, the year you finished, job title and employer's name.

Career overviews includes job history, brief overview of the companies and responsibilities for each position that you have held.

Achievement differentiates you from anyone else doing your job because what you actually achieved will be a indication of performance.

Education or Academic Qualifications should include recent relevant training.

Personal Details includes your driving licence, languages, volunteer and community groups and interests.

Services for Youth Resources

Your resume is one of the most important tools you have when looking for a job. This page will help you choose the right type of resume for your situation. It will also provide you with tips to help you tailor your resume to the job you are applying for, and to make sure it stands out in a crowd for all the right reasons.

Other helpful resources Resume Articles Resume Articles

Original Publisher ESL in Canada Directory